NAME : RINDANG R. P.
NPM    : 1 9 1 1 4 4 2 7
 

1. Allosaurus


 

Allosaurus is a type of Theropoda dinosaur (meat-eater). Discovered in 1869 by Dr. Ferdinand Hayden. Locations of his discoveries in continental Europe, Africa, and America. Allosaurus lived in Jurassic times (208 - 65 million years ago). Conon, Allosaurus is the ancestor of Tyranosaurus. Allosaurus can reach 12 meters long.Her height when standing up to 5 meters.Berat can reach 4 tons. Allosaurus can not run fast. They like to hunt in groups (similar to the way lions and wolves hunt today). Allosaurus prefers to hunt for plant-eating dinosaurs like Diplodocus, Stegosaurus, and Camptosaurus. He also likes to eat animal carcasses.

2. Ankylosaurus




Ankylosaurus is one type of dinosaur that has a body of 9 meters (30 feet). Ankylosaurus has a body protected by a kind of hard shell that makes its body can not be attacked easily, even by Tyrannosaurus-Rex. The tail is long straight and very hard. If Ankylosaurus is intercepted by his opponent, he will attack the opponent with his hard tail and in an instant his opponent will fall. Scientists and palaeontologists usually refer to Ankylosaurus as 'Little Anky'.

3. Archaeopteryx




 Archaeopteryx   meaning "old wing" (sometimes referred to by its German name Urvogel ("original bird" or "first bird")), is a genus of bird-like dinosaurs that is transitional between non-avian feathered dinosaurs and modern birds. The name derives from the ancient Greek ἀρχαῖος (archaīos) meaning "ancient", and πτέρυξ (ptéryx), meaning "feather" or "wing". Between the late nineteenth century and the early twenty-first century, Archaeopteryx had been generally accepted by palaeontologists and popular reference books as the oldest known bird (member of the group Avialae). Older potential avialans have since been identified, including Anchiornis, Xiaotingia, and Aurornis

4.      Baryonyx




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Baryonyx is a genus of theropod dinosaur which lived in the Barremian stage of the early Cretaceous Period, about 130–125 million years ago. The holotype specimen was discovered in 1983 in Surrey, England, and the animal was named B. walkeri in 1986. The generic name, Baryonyx, means "heavy claw" and alludes to the animal's very large claw on the first finger; the specific name (walkeri) refers to its discoverer, amateur fossil hunter William J. Walker. Fragmentary specimens were later discovered in other parts of the United Kingdom and Iberia. The holotype specimen is one of the most complete theropod skeletons from the UK, and its discovery attracted media attention.

5.      Brachiosaurus



Brachiosaurus is a genus of sauropod dinosaur from the Morrison Jurassic Formation North America. It was first described by Elmer S. Riggs in 1903 from a fossil found in the Grand River Canyon (now the Colorado River) from western Colorado, in the United States. Like all sauropod dinosaurs, Brachiosaurus is a four-legged animal with a small skull, a long neck, a large trunk with a high elipsoid cross section, a long, muscular and slender tail. It is estimated that Brachiosaurus body size is 26 meters long and weighs 70-80 tons.

6.      Carcharodontosaurus


 
Carcharodontosaurus is a giant carcharodontosaurid-eating dinosaur dinosaur that lived about 100-93 million years ago, during the late Albian period to the early Cenomanian mid-Cretaceous stage. This dinosaur was discovered and became the second largest dinosaur, larger than Tyrannosaurus and Giganotosaurus, but not as big as Spinosaurus. Carcharodontosaurus is one of the longest known, largest, heaviest and heaviest dinosaurs, with various scientists proposing approximate lengths ranging from 12 - 13 m and weight estimates between 6 and 15 metric tons.

7.      Compsognathus


 
Compsognathus is a small type of dinosaur that attacks in groups like Velociraptor. The Compsognathus group is much more than Velociraptor, because their bodies are much smaller. Compsognathus group strategy is more aggressive than Velociraptor. They do not use distractions, but additional help behind those already on standby. Compsognathus, Velociraptor, and Tyrannosaurus have similar shapes, but they have different types. This dinosaur is the smallest dinosaur with a length of 60 cm and only as big as chicken. Live in late Jurassic times up to the beginning of Cretaceous.
 
8.      Dilophosaurus



 
Dilophosaurus is a genus of theropod dinosaur that lived in what is now North America during the Early Jurassic, about 193 million years ago. Three skeletons were discovered in northern Arizona in 1940, and the two best preserved were collected in 1942. The most complete specimen became the holotype of a new species in the genus Megalosaurus, named M. wetherilli by Samuel P. Welles in 1954. Welles found a larger skeleton belonging to the same species in 1964. Realizing it bore crests on its skull, he assigned the species to the new genus Dilophosaurus in 1970, as D. wetherilli. The genus name means "two-crested lizard", and the species name honors John Wetherill, a Navajo councilor. Further specimens have since been found, including an infant. Footprints have also been attributed to the animal, including resting traces. Another species, D. sinensis from China, was named in 1993, but was later found to belong to the genus Sinosaurus.
9.      Diplodocus



 
Diplodocus is an extinct genus of diplodocid sauropod dinosaurs whose fossils were first discovered in 1877 by S. W. Williston. The generic name, coined by Othniel Charles Marsh in 1878, is a neo-Latin term derived from Greek διπλός (diplos) "double" and δοκός (dokos) "beam", in reference to its double-beamed chevron bones located in the underside of the tail. Chevron bones of this particular form were initially believed to be unique to Diplodocus; since then they have been discovered in other members of the diplodocid family as well as in nondiplodocid sauropods, such as Mamenchisaurus. It is now common scientific opinion that Seismosaurus hallorum is a species of Diplodocus.
10.  Giganotosaurus Carolinii



 
Giganotosaurus carolinii is a kind of dinosaur. In terms of body shape, this type very similar to Tyrannosaurus rex, but its size is about 2 or 3 meters larger than Tyrannosaurus rex (as a reference, length of Tyrannosaurus rex ± 13 meters). Malignant predator, is the same as Tyrannosaurus Rex. What differentiates Giganotosaurus from the rest is its body size, 3 large-sided claws (Tyrannosaurus rex has only two claws and very small arms), and bone-like bones on the entire upper surface of its body, from the tip of its snout to the tip of its tail. Giganotosaurus is mentioned as a rival of the lizard king of Tyrannosaurus because of its large body and its ferocity. The length of Giganotosaurus is estimated at 14.5 m, but some paleontologists are still hesitant because some versions mention the Theropod Saurischia dinosaur growing to 16 m.The height is about 5 m and weighs about 8 or 9 tons. Giganotosaurus carolinii was discovered in 1994 in the Patagonia Desert, Argentina by Ruben Daro Carolinii and Rudolfo Coria.
11.  Iguanodon




Iguanodon is a genus of ornithopod dinosaur that existed roughly halfway between the first of the swift bipedal hypsilophodontids of the mid-Jurassic and the duck-billed dinosaurs of the late Cretaceous. While many species have been classified in the genus Iguanodon, dating from the late Jurassic Period to the early Cretaceous Period of Asia, Europe, and North America, research in the first decade of the 21st century suggests that there is only one well-substantiated species: I. bernissartensis, which lived from the late Barremian to the earliest Aptian ages[2] (Early Cretaceous) in Belgium, Spain, England and possibly elsewhere in Europe, between about 126 and 125 million years ago. Iguanodon were large, bulky herbivores. Distinctive features include large thumb spikes, which were possibly used for defense against predators, combined with long prehensile fifth fingers able to forage for food.
12.  Liopleurodon



 
This giant marine reptile lived during the Jurassic Period, 165-150 million years ago. With a body length of 25 meters, Liopleurodon has 4 fins, each length more than 3 meters. The skull of this sea creature is 5 meters long and its teeth are very sharp! With that size, no wonder Liopleurodon is the largest and strongest water carnivore ever lived.
 
13.  Mamenchisaurus



 
Mamenchisaurus or spelling pronunciation /məˌmɛniˈsɔːrəs/) is a sauropod dinosaur genus including several species, known for their remarkably long necks which made up half the total body length. It is known from numerous species which ranged in time from 160 to 145 million years ago, from the Oxfordian to Tithonian ages of the late Jurassic Period of China, and the largest species may have reached 35 m (115 ft) in length and possibly weighed 50 to 75 tons.
14.  Megalosaurus


 
Megalosaurus was the first dinosaur found by humans. Strong jaws as well as large, sharp teeth prove that he is a ferocious carnivore. Megalosaurus has a length of 9 meters, 3 meters high, and weighs 1300 kilograms. Megalosaurus lived in Jurassic times (exactly 170-155 million years ago). When first discovered people thought he was walking on 4 legs but his subsequent discoveries proved that he walked on two legs only.
 
15.  Parasaurolophus



 
Parasaurolophus is a genus of ornithopod dinosaur that lived in what is now North America and possibly Asia during the Late Cretaceous Period, about 76.5–73 million years ago. It was a herbivore that walked both as a biped and as a quadruped. Three species are universally recognized: P. walkeri (the type species), P. tubicen, and the short-crested P. cyrtocristatus. Additionally, a fourth species, P. jiayensis, has been proposed, although it is more commonly placed in the separate genus Charonosaurus. Remains are known from Alberta (Canada), New Mexico and Utah (United States), and possibly Heilongjiang, (China). The genus was first described in 1922 by William Parks from a skull and partial skeleton found in Alberta.
16.  Spinosaurus


 
Spinosaurus is a large meat-eating dinosaur that has a series of spines on its back. This great dinosaur lived in the late Cretaceous period, about 98-95 million years ago, in what is now Africa. Spinosaurs are called "thorny lizards" because they have a series of large nerve spines up to 6 feet (1.8 m) long coming out of their spine, probably forming like a sailing fins that may have helped in termoregulation, wedding rituals or intraspesies competition. Spinosaurus has a body length of 15 meters with a weight of 4 tons.
17.  Stegosaurus


 
Stegosaurus (pronounced /steg.əˌsɔː.rəs/) means "lizard roof", because large scales on its back (Greek stego = plate / roof + sauros = lizard) is a genus of large herbivorous dinosaurs from Early Jurassic in North America. This species is one of the most easily identifiable types of dinosaurs, because the two rows of scales cross each other on its back (the basis for its scientific name) and two pairs of long spines on its tail (called thagomizers). Paleontologists have debated how the scales on Stegosaurus's backs are structured. Because the scales are above the back muscle layer (paleontologists even estimate the scales have blood vessels) then when Stegosaurus die fossilized, the scales are loose and mutually overlap. The first opinion says that Stegosaurus scales covered his back, a second opinion says that the scales stand erect and side by side and the most recent approved opinion is that the scales stand firmly in crossed positions.One thing that often causes misunderstandings about Stegosaurus is the cavity at the end of its tail. Paleontologists used to think that the cavity contains the brain Stegosaurus, thus raising the notion that Stegosaurus is a clever dinosaur because it has 2 brains. It was later discovered that the assumption was wrong. Stegosaurus was not a pretty clever dinosaur because his brain was only the size of a golf ball and a cavity on the tail of Stegosaurus was the place of attachment of very powerful tail muscles, used as a means of self-defense by swinging its axle tail as hard as it could toward the attacker.
 
18.  Suchomimus

 
Suchomimus was discovered by a team from the United States and Nigeria in a thin sand dune that covered the Sahara area in 1998. Suchomimus is a huge predator dinosaur with a skull like a crocodile skull and large thumb nails. The animal's length is 11 meters and 4 meters in height. A strong forearm and claws on the thumb are used to trap the prey. A thin screen that reaches half a meter above the waist.
19.  Triceratops


 

Triceratops (from Greek, meaning "three horns") is a large three-horned dinosaur. Short call Tritop. These dinosaurs rarely frightened because of Tyrannosaurus, because they usually protected themselves with their sharp horns. Once referred to as a knight dinosaur, because of the combination of head and horns made himself like a knight with a sword and a shield. This name is true, because the skin is in the position of 'shield' is very hard. In addition, his sharp horn can make the opponent fear.
 
20.  Tyrannosaurus Rex


 


Tyrannosaurus is a genus of coelurosaurian theropod dinosaur. The species Tyrannosaurus rex (rex meaning "king" in Latin) is one of the most well-represented of the large theropods. Tyrannosaurus lived throughout what is now western North America, on what was then an island continent known as Laramidia. Tyrannosaurus had a much wider range than other tyrannosaurids. Fossils are found in a variety of rock formations dating to the Maastrichtian age of the upper Cretaceous Period, 68 to 66 million years ago. It was the last known member of the tyrannosaurids, and among the last non-avian dinosaurs to exist before the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction.




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